Godtalk and the suffering of the innocent by gustavo. The book of job may be divided into two sections of prose narrative, consisting of a prologue chapters 12 and an epilogue chapter 42. They were false in their logic and wrong in their conclusions. In the end, god simply dismissed these three friends and all their longwinded speeches because they failed to recognize the very thing god gave. What did jobs three friends have wrong, and what did they. The word temanite probably indicates that he was an edomite, or member of a palestinian people descended from esau. But this story is about more than just mass destruction. What upset god about jobs friends is that they misrepresented him completely. Famed as the antiheroes of the book of job, eliphaz the temanite, bildad the shuhite. The most hurtful comments of jobs friends,barry york study from the bible and be encouraged to grow your faith. Introduction to the book 3 prologue job is tested 12 8 job s soliloquy 3 14 the great debate. They are stock characters and now that were to book 3 there should be time for some more character development. Job 2 again there was a day when the sons of god came to. The thing that prompts job s friends to make their speeches is his outburst in chapter 3.
The prose narratives date to before the 6th century bce, and the poetry has been dated between the 6th and the 4th century bce. The prologue provides a fascinating peek into the back storywhy god allowed satan to afflict job with such pain and turmoil. The tone of the work abruptly changes, however, in chapter 3, as job begins his poetic speeches by cursing the day on which he was born. The difference between job and his three friends knowable word. The most hurtful comments of jobs friends bible study. For i know that my redeemer lives, and he shall stand at last on the earth. Eliphaz the temanite, in the old testament book of job chapters 4, 5, 15, 22, one of three friends who sought to console job, who is a biblical archetype of. My main problem is that the series is plot driven with little character interaction or development.
But then he turns and puts the blame for jobs suffering squarely on job himself. The most hurtful comments of job s friends,barry york study from the bible and be encouraged to grow your faith. They believed that man must do things to earn gods favor and therefore suffering is a sign. Oct 16, 2014 4 responses to a summary of jobs friends dr. Then, through a series of dialogues and monologues arranged in a pattern of threes, human wisdom attempts to explain the. They made an appointment together to come to d show him sympathy and comfort him. There are three cycles of the dialogue between these friends and job. So if theyre not jobs friends, what are they doing there. From chapter 4 to 31 job conversed with his three friends, eliphaz, bildad.
He suggests that job s suffering may be a warning so that he wont sin, and then he repeats the same arguments that the three friends made. When challenged by the satans questioning of jobs sincerity, the lord gives leave for a series of catastrophes to afflict job. These guys have plenty to say, and job isnt their biggest fan. One little help to grasping the book of job for me was the comment by one of jobs friends to the effect that, the hypocrites hope shall perish. Sermon may 2016, by pastor doug batchelor, the senior pastor of the granite bay seventhday adventist church. This is seen in the speeches of jobs three friends, eliphaz, bildad and zophar beginning from chapter 4 all the way to chapter 31. Key personalities of this book include job, eliphaz the temanite, bildad the shuhite, zophar the naamathite, and elihu the buzite. Elihu admits that the arguments of the three friends have been adequately refuted by job, but he believes he can present other ones that will show how job has been in the wrong.
Jobs opening monologue job 3 seen by some scholars as a bridge between the prologue and the dialogues and by others as the beginning of the dialogues, and three cycles of dialogues between job and his three friends job chapters the third cycle is not complete, the expected speech of zophar being replaced by the wisdom poem of. The book delves into issues near to the heart of every human who experiences suffering. Jobs friends accuse him of doing evil job 423 bible. Job niv prologue in the land of uz there bible gateway. Their overarching belief was that job was suffering because he had done something wrong. Now when jobs three friends heard of all this evil that was come upon him. Addressing the problem of theodicy the vindication of the justice of god in the light of humanitys suffering it is a rich theological work setting out a variety of perspectives. Job prays for gods forgiveness of them and god accepts his prayer.
He suggests that jobs suffering may be a warning so that he wont sin, and then he. Well i have been looking for a job now for several weeks and am getting rather discouraged about the whole total fiasco that this country is in now when it comes to unemployment. Now when job s three friends heard all this adversity that had come upon him, each one came from his own place. If gods power is absolute, and gods law is that the righteous are rewarded and the wicked are punished, then jobs predicament is his own fault.
This summary of the book of job provides information about the title, authors, date of writing, chronology, theme, theology, outline, a brief overview, and the chapters of the book of job. As a result, they repeatedly encourage job to admit his wrong and repent so that god would bless him again. Surprise, surprise, zophar follows the same line as his two friends. They argued with job from the humanist position based on human experience, human tradition, and human merit. Job wished that either he had not been born, died at birth, or would have died then 3. Regrettably, jobs friends are not able to endure the mystery of his suffering, so they jump to conclusions about its source. Godtalk and the suffering of the innocent by gustavo gutierrez and wow, was this one a doozy.
Pdf the arguments of jobs three friends david clines. They saw job going through his calamities, how miserable he was, and in their care for him, they did their best to find his fault and help him solve his dilemma. Job s three friends eliphaz, bildad and zophar sermon index. When job s three friends eliphaz, bildad and zophar heard of his adversity, they came to visit him, saying they wanted to comfort him job 2. It is possible that job is the oldest of any book of the bible written approximately 21001800 b. If so, this may roughly indicate the date of the book.
Even scholars who regard the book of job as a literary composition by a single author tend to see in elihus speeches an early addition or commentary to the original book. He burned with anger at job because he justified himself rather than god. Its author is unknown yet it is possible that job himself wrote it. Well, they definitely give us something to think about. It is not to be supposed that job had no more than three friends indeed, elihu the buzzite appears later on as one of his friends but he had three contemporaries with whom he was especially intimate, old men, with whom he was probably accustomed to confer from time to time, and who were in the habit. The speeches of jobs three friends include many inaccuracies, primarily involving why god allows people to suffer.
Howard katz continues his series on the book of job, specifically teaching about jobs three friends, on september 22nd, 20. At the start of chapter 3 of the book of job, we find job, having sat in silence with his 3 friends for 7 days, ready to talk. Now when jobs three friends heard of all this evil that had come upon him, they came each from his own. Introduction to the book 3 prologue job is tested 12 8 jobs soliloquy 3 14 the great debate. Aquinas, emboldened by the dispute between job and his friends, treated the book as a quaestio, or debate, the primary mode of learning at the university of paris, where he was a celebrated. He burned with anger also at jobs three friends because they had found no answer, although they had declared job to be in the wrong esv. Esv it is well worth noting that god does not even refer to elihu once he arrives on the scenethis strongly suggests he is an agent of god rather than a character in the play like job and his friends. They claim job is being punished for sin, but job maintains his innocence. May, 2020 job had defended himself all along by saying, contrary to his three friends opinion, that there is good evidence from all over the world that the wicked often prosper and the righteous often suffer 21. Lets see how this main point plays out in the debates. May god above not seek it, nor the light shine upon it.
So if theyre not job s friends, what are they doing there. Jobs burden, reconciling unimaginable suffering with the idea of a just god, is a task one that few preachers or academics are bold enough to tackle. What did jobs three friends have wrong, and what did they have. What comes out of his mouth is one of the more heartbreaking of the laments found in scriptures. This was after all the catastrophe, all the personal affliction, and all the demonstration of compassion from jobs friends. At the end of the book, god gives job twice as much wealth as he had before, along with seven sons and three daughters. God rebukes jobs three friends and orders them to make a sacrifice. Although most of the book consists of the words of job and his friends, job himself was not the author. Dialogue of job with his friendsthe solutions of jobs three friends and elihu. Dec 29, 2016 the most hurtful comments of jobs friends,barry york study from the bible and be encouraged to grow your faith. Satan was confident that he could push job to curse god job 1. Three friends show up, supposedly to comfort job, but their visit turns into a long theological debate over what caused jobs suffering. Sep 22, 20 howard katz continues his series on the book of job, specifically teaching about job s three friends, on september 22nd, 20. Mar 18, 2018 sermon may 2016, by pastor doug batchelor, the senior pastor of the granite bay seventhday adventist church.
Jobs three friends, eliphaz, bildad, and zophar, have. Eliphaz is the only one of the three friends to expressly reference divine. Jan 02, 2020 jobs friends did at least three things right that can be seen in job 2. Now when jobs three friends heard all this adversity that had come upon him, each one came from his own place. Now when job s three friends heard of all this evil that was come upon him. And in his case in particular he was not an enemy of god and had not committed any grievous sin that would set him up for such. But the writer of the book of job is not satisfied to live that way. Jobs friends did at least three things right that can be seen in job 2. The permission seems to have extended to this, as well.
The facts that he is far from recognizing jobs real situation, that patience is for job the hard thing as hopkinss sonnet has it,1 that the author of the book may be. Now when job s three friendseliphaz the temanite, bildad the shuhite, and zophar the naamathiteheard about all this adversity that had come upon him, each of them came from his home, and they met together to go and sympathize with job and comfort him. Eliphaz the temanite, in the old testament book of job chapters 4, 5, 15, 22, one of three friends who sought to console job, who is a biblical archetype of unmerited suffering. Three friends eliphaz the temanite, bildad the shuhite, and zophar the naamathite come from afar and express their sympathy by remaining silent and by clothing themselves in sackcloth and sitting in ashes. God is just, and job must have done something to offend him. It is unwise to pull an isolated verse from the book of job and use it to. The thing that prompts jobs friends to make their speeches is his outburst in chapter 3. The first of the three, eliphaz, acknowledges that job has been a source of strength to others job 4. This central section consists of the comforting words of his friends, who try to persuade job that if he is suffering he must have sinned, and jobs increasingly bitter retorts that he is innocent, and that his punishment is undeserved. Jan 02, 2020 elihus two concerns are expressed in job 32. Just reading the first chapter was amazing to say the least. But they didn t actually comfort him at all, when we see the way they spoke to him later on. Each time i read through the drama of the book of job, some new theme seems to. Book of job overview insight for living ministries.612 26 832 33 1286 409 823 405 1250 1511 568 199 208 1480 372 288 274 557 829 1375 1231 1189 1015 786 399 1246 1390 1367 496 598 319 1040 1276 1235