The systems approach, utilizing detailed system conceptualization and iterative simulation model development, was used to help direct field and laboratory research on the population dynamics of the onion maggot, delia antiqua meigen diptera. Secondary spread of the pathogen then occurs throughout the summer. Seedcorn maggot, delia platura ufifas edis university of florida. Checklist of the family anthomyiidae diptera of finland. We examined these issues by studying the impact of simulated seedcorn maggot scm delia platura meigen diptera.
Influence of interval between postharvest lettuce residue. To obtain a better understanding of the external morphology. Other crops affected include broad bean, pea, cauliflower and other brassicas, lettuce, spinach, radish, beet, cereals maize, rye, oats and wheat, clover, freesia and gladiolus. Seed potatoes are the most important source of infection, but how pathogenfree tubers initially become infected remains an enigma. Pdf delia platura meigen is a phytophagous fly that can cause significant crop losses. Abstract delia platura meigen is a phytophagous fly that can cause significant crop losses. Seedcorn maggot delia platura life cycle leek moth. Further, such injury may produce intraspecific competition between injured and uninjured plants. Anthomyiidae and its naturally occurring fungal pathogen entomophthora muscae cohn entomophthorales. Anthomyiidae 2 to three days after emerging, and each female lays an average 270 eggs in soil with abundant decaying organic matter andor on. Although related species delia floralis fallen and delia platura meigen are listed as the members of the entomofauna of croatia, there was no evidence that any other species except delia radicum is damaging the cabbage of this region 1,2,3,4,5,6. Delia platura scm or less commonly found in cucurbit fields cabbage maggots, delia radicum cm. Anthomyiidae 2 to three days after emerging, and each female lays an average 270 eggs in soil with abundant decaying organic matter andor on seeds or plantlets in moist soil bennett et al.
Root maggots kill or weaken plants or make them more susceptible to injury by diseases. The larval abundance of each species was quite variable but delia radicum was significantly more abundant than delia platura d. Seedcorn maggot delia platura i74 24 soybean looper pseudoplusia includens i75 24 squash bug anasa tristis i76 24 squash bug 3 images i77 24 squash bug i78 24 squash vine borer melittia. Opie damage on asparagus attacks cause mottling brown, a twisting of turions and the spears taste bitter delia platura meigen basf. Alternative pollinator taxa are equally efficient but not as. A systems approach to research and simulation of insect pest. The first plantings of largeseeded crops such as corn, beans, and peas are often attacked, as well as early seedlings of spinach, onions, brassicas, tomato, cucurbits, and others. The authors wish to thank steve griffiths, stewart armstrong, smiths seeds ltd.
Both species overwinter in the soil as a maggot inside a brown case. May 10, 2016 maggot delia platura, cabbage maggot delia radicum, onion maggot delia antiqua, and bean seed maggot delia florilega. Development rates for the seed maggots delia platura and d. Joseph,1,2 tunyalee martin,3 kimberly steinmann,3 and petr kosina3 1university of california cooperative extension, 1432 abbott st. Dry bean production minister of agriculture, forestry and. Annual abundance was estimated from trap catches for 32. To obtain a better understanding of the external morphology of this species, adult d. Delia platura, bean seed maggot delia florilega, onion maggot delia antiqua, cabbage maggot delia radicum. For example, pest control recommendations for seed corn maggot delia platura include avoiding plowing weeds, green manure or other cover crops in the spring since the adult female flies are attracted to decaying plants. Since the 1920s, insects have been hypothesized to contribute to sre transmission. Pdf fine structure of delia platura meigen diptera.
Opie damage to seedling of maize roots and small stems are damaged delia platura meigen coutin r. Meigen, is a small dipterous insect of the family antho myiidae valenciano et al. Neonicotinoid seed treatments are intended to maintain yield by protecting plants from target insect pests e. Marie barnes, randal toonen and emma parr for their assistance with this project. Anthomyiidae in cultivated crucifers and other vegetable crops in canada. Pdf a number of root maggot fly species from the large genus delia robineaudesvoidy diptera. Of all the annual leguminous food crops that are harvested for dry seeds, the ordinary bean is by far the most important. If bean seed fly has been a problem in previous years, the fly can be largely avoided by raising seedlings in seed trays or pots and planted out once they have germinated gardensown beans can be protected with nematodes or insect barrier netting, horticultural fleece is especially valuable as it provides extra warmth that is highly beneficial. Lupinus mutabilis, delia platura, olfactometry, host adaptation, broccoli. New insight into the delia platura meigen caused alteration. Request permission export citation add to favorites track citation. New insight into the delia platura meigen caused alteration in nutrient content of soybean glycine max l.
The carrot rust fly psila rosae causes similar problems. Anthomyiidae revealed by scanning electron microscopy. Hylemya antiqua meigen and seedcorn maggot flies d. The family anthomyiidae is a large and taxonomically difficult group of flies that has for the same reason suffered from unstable taxonomy and nomenclature. The agricultural area suitable for cabbage production in the region of ogulin is limited. Their maggots can cause severe damage to dwarf french and runner beans phaseolus species fig. Agronomy journal abstract corn clothianidin seed treatments. Delia platura, the seedcorn maggot or the bean seed fly, is a fly species in the family anthomyiidae. Longterm trap catches of seedcorn maggot, delia platura meigen, onion maggot, delia antiqua meigen, and cabbage maggot, delia radicum linnaeus diptera. Opie larva in stem of lupin delia platura meigen coutin r. The lengths of mt genomes among diptera, range from 14,922 bp in sarcophaga peregrine sarcophagidae, zhong et al.
Biological observations of the bean fly delia platura in westflanders during 19881993. Four new species of the genus delia robineaudesvoidy in the. Seedcorn maggot delia platura larvae feed on the seeds and young seedlings of a wide variety of vegetable crops. Volume 110 issue 1 journal of economic entomology oxford. Dry beans is at present regarded as one of the most important field crops in south africa on account of its high protein content and dietary benefits. Vegnet the vegetable and fruit crops teams newsletter. Insects free fulltext seasonal flight, optimal timing.
Larval performance and adult attraction of delia platura diptera. In order to have a more accurate understanding of the effects of these plant injuries induced by the larvae of d. Four new species of the genus delia robineaudesvoidy. Outlook of pyrethroid insecticides for pest management in the salinas valley of california shimat v. Pdf studio pdf editor for windows, macos and linux. Impacts of neonicotinoid seed treatments on soildwelling. Anthomyiidae is a devastating crop pest distributed widely in many temperate countries such as canada, mexico, united states, china and japan 1. Jun 07, 2006 cool conditions after corn zea mays l. Pdf a number of root maggot fly species from the large genus delia robineau desvoidy diptera. Delia platura meigen is a phytophagous fly that can cause significant crop losses. In march and april small, grayishbrown flies emerge.
Media in category delia platurathe following 8 files are in this category, out of 8 total. Soft rot enterobacteriaceae are carried by a large range of. Fannidae and delia platura anthomyiidae were sequenced. Outlook of pyrethroid insecticides for pest management in the. Spring vegetable crop update university of maryland. Pdf studio is an allinone, easy to use pdf editor for windows, mac and linux that provides all pdf features needed at a fraction of the cost of adobe acrobat and other pdf editors. A male, abdomen in dorsal view b male, 3rd and 4th sternites in ventral view c male, 5th sternite in ventral view d male, terminalia in posterior view e male, terminalia. The eggs hatch after two to four days at temperatures as low as 50f 10c. Merill article pdf available in acta biologica hungarica 673.
Two species of bean seed fly delia platura meigen and delia florilega zetterstedt occur in britain. Yet another ilda editor free software photonlexicon. Deliaantiquameigen,deliaflorilegazetterstedt, delia platura meigen and delia radicum linnaeus arethemost. Agronomy journal abstract soybean growth responses and. Media in category delia platura the following 8 files are in this category, out of 8 total. A similar attraction to decaying onions has been seen with female, but not male, onion flies delia antiqua. A checklist of the anthomyiid species known from prewar finland was compiled by their leading regional specialist of calyptrate flies lauri tiensuu 1906.
Pathogenic soft rot enterobacteriaceae sre belonging to the genera pectobacterium and dickeya cause diseases in potato and numerous other crops. Sterilization effects of adulttargeted baits containing. Pdf new insight into the delia platura meigen caused. The bean seed fly or seedcorn maggot, delia platura.
Article pdf available in canadian journal of arthropod identification. The phylogeny and evolutionary timescale of muscoidea. Previous reports have shown attractancy of 2phenylethanol to delia spp. Anthomyiidae, attack the roots of brassica crops and cause severe economic damage. Anthomyiidae, delia, male, female, genitalia, pests, cabbage, onion introduction some of the most serious european dipterous pests may be found among delia anthomyiidaespecies. Seedlings may be directly infected from the seed or, particularly after mild winters, from insect vectors carrying the bacterium. Climate change has brought about an increasing level of seedcorn maggot delia platura meigen, 1826 diptera. Seedcorn maggot delia platura i74 24 soybean looper pseudoplusia includens i75 24 squash bug anasa tristis i76 24 squash bug 3 images i77 24 squash bug i78 24 squash vine borer melittia cucurbitae i79 24 squash vine borer 2 images i80 24 stalk borer, common papaipema nebris i81 24 common name latin name plate page. Anthomyiidae, were used to test the hypothesis that related species have more similar population variability than unrelated ones. Dec 23, 2015 yet another ilda editor free software if this is your first visit, be sure to check out the faq by clicking the link above.1187 181 47 374 887 861 982 130 189 432 326 626 119 772 1495 1185 1267 418 973 1491 452 1160 1453 475 1410 649 386 1491 147 1331 395 1129 1302 179 536 1373 1385 837 690 1287 853